Phu Quoc island

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Phu Quoc island
Phu Quoc island

Phu Quoc is the largest island in Vietnam. Phu Quoc and nearby islands, along with distant Tho Chu Islands, is part of Kien Giang Province as Phu Quoc District, the district has a total area of 574 square kilometres (222 sq mi) and a permanent population of approximately 103,000. Located in the Gulf of Thailand, the district of Phu Quoc includes the island proper and 21 smaller islets. The district seat, Duong Dong, is located on the west coast, and is also the largest town on the island. The economy is centered on fishing, agriculture and a fast-growing tourism sector.

From March 2014, Vietnam allows all foreign tourists to visit Phú Quốc visa-free for a period of up to 30 days

1. Geography

Phu Quoc lies south of the Cambodian coast, west of Kampot, and 40 km west of Ha Tien, the nearest coastal town in Vietnam. Roughly triangular in shape the island is 50 kilometres (31 mi) long from north to south and 25 kilometres (16 mi) from east to west in the north at its widest. It is also located 62 nautical miles (115 km; 71 mi) from Rach Gia and nearly 290 nautical miles (540 km; 330 mi) from Laem Chabang, Thailand.

Phu Quoc's geography
Phu Quoc’s geography

2. Economy

Phu Quoc is famous for its two traditional products: fish sauce and black pepper. The rich fishing grounds offshore provides the anchovy catch from which the prized sauce is made. Pepper cultivation is located inland in the center of the island. More recently a pearl farm was established.

A fish sauce factory in Phu Quoc
A fish sauce factory in Phu Quoc

Tourism plays an important role in the economy with the beaches being the main attraction. Phu Quoc was served by Phu Quoc Airport with air links to Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)’s Tan Son Nhat Airport and Rach Gia’s Rach Gia Airport. Phu Quoc Airport was closed and replaced by the new Phu Quoc International Airport from December 2, 2012. Phu Quoc is also linked with Rach Gia and Hà Tiên by fast ferry hydrofoils.

3. Climate

The island’s monsoonal sub-equatorial climate is characterized by distinct rainy (June to November) and dry seasons (December to May). The annual rainfall is high, averaging 2,879 millimetres (9.446 ft). In the northern mountains up to 4,000 millimetres (13 ft) has been recorded. April and May are the hottest months, with temperature reaching 35 °C (95 °F).

Phu Quoc weather data
Phu Quoc weather data